A brief analysis of 2nd Kalima
The Second Kalima:
The Second Kalima is called the “Kalima Shahadat” that surrounds the First Kalima to complete the doctrine of faith. The Arabic word “Shahadat” means “Witness,” whereas, in the Second Kalima, this term reflects the witness of a Muslim that Allah is one and only and Muhammad (SAW) is His last messenger and prophet.
What do the Kalima Shahadat states?
The Second Kalima in Arabic states that:
اَشْهَدُ اَنْ لَّآ اِلٰهَ اِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَہٗ لَاشَرِيْكَ لَہٗ وَاَشْهَدُ اَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهٗ وَرَسُولُہٗ
which means that: “I bear witness that there is no one worthy of worship except Allah, the One alone, without a partner, and I also bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger.”
An overview of Second Kalima:
The Kalima Shahadat has its unique role in the life of Muslims. By surrounding their lives around it, Muslims witnesses that Allah is the one and only who does not require any partner and Muhammad (SAW) is His last messenger and prophet. This witness and the concept of Tauhid completes the doctrines of the faith in a life of a Muslim.
However, the existence of four things eliminates all the benefits and advantages of saying the Kalima Shahadat. They are Shirk, Shak, Tashbih, and Tatil. Shirk means to believe that there are more Gods. Shak means uncertainty or doubts in a religion. Tashbih means to link Allah to an imaginary creature. Tatil means to believe that Allah does not interfere with beings and everything is created by their ownself.
Roles of Shahadat in our Daily Life:
Reciting the Kalima Shahadat on daily basis is obligatory for every Muslim. By proclaiming the Shahadat, a Muslim claims that all of his acts are according to the teachings of the Holy Quran and the Sunnah. By this, he accepts the fact that Allah is his Sustainer & Creator, and to Him, he shall return. The memorization and recitation of 2nd Kalima on daily basis wipes our fear away except for the fear of Allah. It makes a believer calm and honest in his deeds and actions.
Benefits of Saying the Second Kalima:
There are ample benefits of saying the Kalima Shahadat daily:
- The believers are affectionate towards each other
- Allah will be pleased with the one saying Kalima Shahadat
- There will be ease in death
- One’s grave will be capacious
- One will see one’s clay/adobe in Jannah
- One will attain the greatest of all blessings
- The reciter will be befriended with the most truthful people in Jannah
- One will reach the highest level of virtues and will gain the pleasure of Allah
Hadiths about the Shahadat:
The importance of the Second Kalima Shahadat can also be identified by these Hadiths:
Muhammad (SAW) stated that:
“Verily, you are coming to a people among the humans of the Book (Ahl Kitab), so call them to testify there is no God but Allah and I am the Messenger of Allah.” (Al-Bukhari 1422H)
He also stated that:“Whoever dies, while he knows that no god is allowed to be worshipped But Allah, and then he entered Paradise.” (Muslim 2006)